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Multiple sclerosis: severity and progression rate in African Americans compared with whites. Kaufman MD, Johnson SK, Moyer D, Bivens J, Norton HJ. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Aug;82(8):582-90.PMID: 12872014 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Multiple sclerosis susceptibility alleles in African Americans. Johnson BA, Wang J, Taylor EM, Caillier SJ, Herbert J, Khan OA, Cross AH, De Jager PL, Gourraud PA, Cree BC, Hauser SL, Oksenberg JR.Genes Immun. 2009 Oct 29. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 19865102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis in African-American black and European-origin white patients. Boster AL, Endress CF, Hreha SA, Caon C, Perumal JS, Khan OA. Pediatr Neurol. 2009 Jan;40(1):31-3.PMID: 19068251 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Higher IgG index found in African Americans versus Caucasians with multiple sclerosis. Rinker JR 2nd, Trinkaus K, Naismith RT, Cross AH. Neurology. 2007 Jul 3;69(1):68-72.PMID: 17606883 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Phenotype and prognosis in African-Americans with multiple sclerosis: a retrospective chart review. Naismith RT, Trinkaus K, Cross AH. Mult Scler. 2006 Dec;12(6):775-81.PMID: 17263006 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Related articles

APOE genotypes in African American female multiple sclerosis patients. Huang R, Hughes M, Mobley S, Lanham I, Poduslo SE.Neurosci Lett. 2007 Feb 27;414(1):51-6. Epub 2007 Jan 7.PMID: 17254710 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Multifactor dimensionality reduction reveals gene-gene interactions associated with multiple sclerosis susceptibility in African Americans. Brassat D, Motsinger AA, Caillier SJ, Erlich HA, Walker K, Steiner LL, Cree BA, Barcellos LF, Pericak-Vance MA, Schmidt S, Gregory S, Hauser SL, Haines JL, Oksenberg JR, Ritchie MD. Genes Immun. 2006 Jun;7(4):310-5. Epub 2006 Apr 20.PMID: 16625214 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Multiple sclerosis characteristics in African American patients in the New York State Multiple Sclerosis Consortium. Weinstock-Guttman B, Jacobs LD, Brownscheidle CM, Baier M, Rea DF, Apatoff BR, Blitz KM, Coyle PK, Frontera AT, Goodman AD, Gottesman MH, Herbert J, Holub R, Lava NS, Lenihan M, Lusins J, Mihai C, Miller AE, Perel AB, Snyder DH, Bakshi R, Granger CV, Greenberg SJ, Jubelt B, Krupp L, Munschauer FE, Rubin D, Schwid S, Smiroldo J; New York State Multiple Sclerosis Consortium. Mult Scler. 2003 Jun;9(3):293-8.PMID: 12814178 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Mapping Multiple Sclerosis Susceptibility to the HLA-DR Locus in African Americans Jorge R. Oksenberg,1 Lisa F. Barcellos,1 Bruce A. C. Cree,1 Sergio E. Baranzini,1 Teodorica L. Bugawan,2 Omar Khan,3 Robin R. Lincoln,1 Amy Swerdlin,1 Emmanuel Mignot,4 Ling Lin,4 Douglas Goodin,1 Henry A. Erlich,2 Silke Schmidt,5 Glenys Thomson,6 David E. Reich,7 Margaret A. Pericak-Vance,5 Jonathan L. Haines,8 and Stephen L.

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